quarta-feira, 31 de agosto de 2016

FOR WORLD KNOWS ...( Para o mundo saber...)

Tapajós people celebrate plant archiving and preparing resistance to new projects. Caravan met indigenous, quilombolas, riparian, farmers, researchers, teachers, activists, Munduruku Indians celebrate on the edge of Tapajós in Itaituba
Santarem, Alta Floresta, Jacareacanga, Aveiro, Altamira left boats crowded with peasants, riverine, indigenous, quilombolas and activists, all towards Itaituba, which hosted last weekend the 2nd Caravan in Defense of Rio Tapajos. This time the meeting had reason to celebrate, with the filing of São Luiz do Tapajós plant by the Brazilian Environmental Institute (Ibama). But the moment was also preparing for new government projects that threaten the Tapajós basin, formed by the Teles Pires, Juruena, Jamanxim and other tributaries of second order. In almost all, there are dozens of construction projects of dams and ports.
The work of the Caravan were opened with a minute of silence in tribute to the activist Nilce Magalhaes, the Nicinha, murdered in January this year in Rondônia. Fisherwoman, Nicinha fought the dams of Jirau and Santo Antonio in Madeira river and was missing for four months, until his body was found in the lake of the Jirau plant on 21 June last. The first to speak at the meeting was the general chief of Munduruku people, Arnaldo Kaba, who thanked the support of riverine and social movements in the region against the plant of São Luiz do Tapajós. "Only the Mundurukú could not stop the dam, but all together, barramos" he said. "The development for us is clean and protected forest water," said the chief.
They attended the meeting invited the Xingu River, which is being built the hydroelectric plant of Belo Monte, a high environmental cost, particularly for indigenous and riverine hit brutally in their ways of life. Raimunda Gomes, fisherwoman and inhabitant of an island in the Xingu which was flooded by the lake of the plant, has had his house burned down by the company responsible for the removal of the residents. "Do not accept any money, not worth what it is worth is to stay in the little place of you. For us, life is not over, of course not. But it's a lot of fight to be able to live out of our environment. "
The husband of Raimunda, João Pereira da Silva, came to suffer a stroke within the Norte Energia office during one of unequal negotiations that was submitted during the removal process. Now, along with research institutions and civil society, the Federal Public Ministry (MPF) tries to find a solution to ensure the return of all bordering the Xingu to the reservoir area when the work of Belo Monte finish.
The MPF also has a working group to monitor government projects in the Tapajós basin and attended the meeting in Itaituba with the presence of a prosecutor, Camões Boaventura and a regional prosecutor, Felicio Pontes Jr. "It's time to celebrate but this is no time to let down our guard, "said Pontes Jr. to address the audience. He recalled that in the tributaries of the basin are being built and planned dozens of dams. Only in the Teles Pires, chief trainer of the Tapajos, are four large dams already under construction. In the smaller rivers such as the Juruena, Arinos and the river fish, there are dozens of small and medium dams projects.
"The project of São Luiz do Tapajós was filed by a conjunction of several factors," said Boaventura Camões, author of the recommendation to Ibama to shelve the licensing of the plant. "But we would not have this combination of factors is not for the resilience and denunciation of the people of this river, who never gave up to claim their constitutional rights and thus weakened the dam project," he said. The MPF continues to follow all other dam projects in the Tapajós basin, with a team of attorneys who work in Santarém, Itaituba, Cuiabá, Sinop, Belém and Brasilia.
The Rikbaktsa, Menki ethnicities, Kayabi and Apiaká, Mato Grosso, residents of the rivers Teles Pires, Juruena, Arinos, the Fish and Apiacás were also to Itaituba, get bowl peoples of support to tackle projects that already extensively violates constitutional rights in these rivers. "My people have three indigenous lands in three counties and each is planned a plant," said the lead Paulo Henrique Rikbaktsa.
Thanking the presence of people of Mato Grosso, Ademir Kaba, teacher Mundurukú, he said that indigenous peoples today beg a piece of land that was all of them. "I'm not proud of being Brazilian, because Brazil, the Brazilian government does not respect the rights of indigenous peoples. We are here united with one goal, which is to keep our life as a people, as usual, as a religion, because it depended on the government, had already finished the indigenous people, "he said.
"I am the daughter of Mangabal Mountain, I'm proud to be riverfront. This river is my life. I used to fish, lemon, pepper and flour mush. I garden and I use the land. So we do not want hydroelectric no way, "said Tereza Lobo, community resident in the upper Tapajós that would be affected both by the plant of São Luiz do Tapajós as the second dam project on the river, the Jatoba, which has not yet been filed by government.
Professor Alfredo Wagner de Almeida, of the Federal University of Amazonas, showed some of the serious flaws in the impact studies of São Luiz do Tapajós, which are among the reasons for project archiving. With its New Social Cartography project, Alfredo prepares maps together with the communities and in the case of Pimental community, which would be the site of the São Luiz dam, the map presented by the companies study title omitted all information about locations and residents that could be passed by the people.
"People will map and are not able to list the places where the wealth of communities, açai, the fishing spots. Communities have far greater powers than the consulting firms that receive millions to map the locations, "explained Alfredo Wagner. Guilherme Carvalho, Phase (Federation of Organizations for Social and Educational Assistance), recalled that projects such as hydroelectric, when installing, make impossible any other activity in the region and remove territories and hand the autonomy of communities living centenariamente in the Amazon region.
For professor at the Federal University of Pará Edna Castro is fundamental respect for the memory and the lives of several generations living in the Amazon region. She recalled the fight against Tucuruí plant, as an example that can not be forgotten that after the implementation of a large state-owned development project, processes of violence and resistance remain for decades.